# plot annotation¶

The plot annotation function has one mandatory parameter: a value of series type, which it displays as a line. A basic call looks like this:

```plot(close)
```

Pine’s automatic type conversions makes it possible to also use any numeric value as an argument. For example:

```plot(125.2)
```

In this case, the value 125.2 will automatically be converted to a series type value which will be the same number on every bar. The plot will be represented as a horizontal line.

The `plot` annotation has many optional parameters, in particular those which set the line’s display style: `style`, `color`, `linewidth`, `transparency`, and others.

The value of the `color` parameter can be defined in different ways. If it is a color constant, for example `color.red`, then the whole line will be plotted using a red color:

```plot(close, color=color.red)
``` The value of `color` can also be an expression of a series type of color values. This series of colors will be used to color the rendered line. For example:

```c = close >= open ? color.lime : color.red
plot(close, color = c)
``` The `offset` parameter specifies the shift used when the line is plotted (negative values shift to the left while positive values shift to the right) . For example:

```//@version=4
study("My Script 12", overlay=true)
plot(close, color=color.red, offset=-5)
plot(close, color=color.lime, offset=5)
``` As can be seen in the screenshot, the red series has been shifted to the left (since the argument’s value is negative), while the green series has been shifted to the right (its value is positive).

Footnotes

  In Pine there is a built-in offset function which shifts the values of a series to the right while discarding ‘out of range’ values. The advantage of the `offset` function lies in the fact that its result can be used in other expressions to execute complex calculations. In the case of `plot` function’s `offset` parameter, the shift is only cosmetic; the actual values in the series are not moved.
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